Brazilian director Augusto Boal (1931-2009) began his revolutionary work on theatre performance, practice and technique at Arena Theatre of São Paulo. So controversial was his work that the Brazilian military government deemed it dangerous, and in 1971 he was arrested and tortured. Subsequently exiled to Argentina, he penned his most famous book, Theatre of the Oppressed, which was first published in English in 1974. After 15 years in exile, Boal returned to Brazil in 1986 and founded the Center for the Theatre of the Oppressed. Though he passed away in 2009, his work continues to be referenced and taught in countless university programs across the U.S. and throughout the world.
First TCG Edition: 1985